Managing children’s allergies can be challenging. Help parents understand the source and timing of allergens, and give them easy-to-follow tips for keeping their kids comfortable.
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Parent counseling tips
Allergy triggers by month
Help parents understand how the time of year can affect allergies, which can make it easier to manage their children’s symptoms.
Tips to relieve symptoms
- Avoid pollen: Keep windows closed during allergy season; wash kids’ faces and hands after they play outside
- Reduce dust: Wash toys, stuffed animals, and bedding weekly, and use a vacuum with a HEPA filter
- Minimize mold: Keep bathrooms, basements, and other damp areas clean
Types of allergy medicines
- Antihistamines: Block the effects of histamines, the chemicals that cause sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, and itchy nose and throat
- Decongestants: Shrink swollen blood vessels and help relieve stuffy nose, sinus congestion, and pressure
- Glucocorticoids: Reduce inflammation caused by histamines and can help control nasal and ocular allergy symptoms
- Other: Nasal saline, lubricant eye drops, allergy shots, or leukotriene blockers
Good to know
2020 study shows worsening pollen seasons
If it seems like more and more patients are complaining about seasonal allergies, a recent study by the University of Utah School of Biological Sciences suggests one explanation: Climate change is causing allergy seasons to last longer, and is partly responsible for higher overall pollen counts.
The study team’s research shows that compared with 1990, today’s pollen seasons start 20 days earlier, last 8 days longer, and features 21% more pollen. The study’s authors expect these trends to continue, with worsening impacts on respiratory health in coming decades.1